Hi Dominic,1st - Operator creates a kind of Subsciprion/Service Package - a list of allowed services (SMS, Data, voice, etc.), a list of allowed APNs, roaming profile. Plus maybe some QoS options (upload/download speed, etc.).
2nd - Operator creates a kind of Price Plan/Package:
3rd - it is useful to define a kind of triggers to monitor the traffic volume consumption. Set thresholds - if traffic consumption is under/over of that threshold then either notification should be send (sms/email) or SIM temporary deactivation performed. (If for example SIM card assumed to be inserted into some meter consumes more than 100Mb per day it looks incorrect and such SIM card is better to pause/deactivate and investigate the situation.)BR,Denis
Interesting discussion. Good to understand views across industry. Let me present my views as Product Manager for OCS. I will try to keep it short but anyone's welcome to reach out for further discussion. It has been mentioned in opening remarks that most prevalent charging mechanism today is either time or volume based. But even in 2G/3G/4G, we have other charging capabilities like Session and Event based, Access Specific, Application based, Policy based ,Sponsored charging etc. These capabilities were employed in limited scenarios because in current business of MBB, there was only one type of device with primarily need based data/voice consumption behavior. With advent of 5G, capabilities of NR (capacity, throughput) as well as architectural changes in Core network (SBI, CUPS) will enable many more use-cases, classified as mMTC, eMBB and cMTC. Now since operators would play a role of use-case enabler instead of just connectivity provider, they will be in a position to extract higher value of the bit. Thus, charging would be based on the device behavior and on the enabled use-case instead of just quota based. There's the additional parameter of the slicing which is a major enabler for cMTC use-cases. Examples of charging models would be probably based on: triggers, number of times device has connected to network, shared data across devices, slice subscription or slice usage, annual rental, etc. Most important impact on OCS would be : Handling the high number of devices, device segmentation, enabling charging based on triggers and of course, supporting the 5G Core Architecture.